I.A.A.2. Bronze figurine of a hoplite
The warrior’s right hand originally held a spear and the left a shield. The soldier wears a breastplate decorated with spirals and a helmet with a high crest (lophos).
The slight twist of the torso of this bronze hoplite cleverly suggests movement.
Hoplites were spear fighters, operating in a tight linear formation (phalanx), and we hardly need our imagination to see a row of them advancing towards the enemy (while also being reminded of modern tin soldiers).
Phalanx formations of heavy infantry were a common element in Greek warfare from the 7th century BC onwards, long before this particular bronze warrior was made. His presence as a dedication to the goddess Athena at Francavilla Marittima shows that the phalanx was being used in Magna Graecia as well.
The warrior from the Timpone may have a link to historical fact, because the dedication date of the statuette falls within 25 years of the battle between Sybarites and Krotoniates (in 510BC), which Sybaris lost.
We can imagine a hypothetical phalanx of Sybarite spearmen, all looking like this statuette, advancing towards the Krotoniates before being killed by them.
The object is associated with Temple I on the top of the Timpone della Motta, from the Scavi Stoop 1963-69. It is now in the National Archaeological Museum of the Sibaritide, Sibari.