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Terracotta figurine of the ‘Dama 3’ type. Upper half Scavi Kleibrink 1991-2004, no. AC16A.08.tc03, lower half former Bern-Getty collection of objects looted from the Timpone della Motta, height 13 cm, National Archaeological Museum, Sibari.
Terracotta figurine of the ‘Dama 3’ type. Upper half Scavi Kleibrink 1991-2004, no. AC16A.08.tc03, lower half former Bern-Getty collection of objects looted from the Timpone della Motta, height 13 cm, National Archaeological Museum, Sibari.

III.A.4. Terracotta figurine of the ‘Dama 3’ type, Athenaion, Timpone della Motta

The figurine was produced locally from a mould and clearly inspired by the similar, but better executed pinakes (plaques) of the goddess of the ‘Dama 2’ type (cf. Museum no. III.A.3.).

The main difference between Dama 2 and 3 is that the clay around the Dama 3 pinakes has been cut away, thus creating the impression of a free-standing figure. This impression is enhanced by the deeper space between the body and the arms as well as by the fact that hair and neck are more pronounced, thus giving the body a more plastic form.

Another difference is the absence of a feel for the Daedalic proportions and stylistic detailing, that is so obvious in the Dama 2 figurine. This resulted in the absurdly long arms and hands, among other ‘failures’.

The mould for the terracotta’s of this type was probably used intensively, because the face shows that it had become quite worn.

The pinakes and fragments known thus far are in the National Archaeological Museum at Sibari and the Ny Carlsberg Museum, Copenhagen (Fig. A). 

Fig. A. Pie chart with the provenances and collections of the Dama 3 type of pinax.