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Ivory fibula (brooch) of the ‘spectacle’ type, height // cm, found on Timpone della Motta, 7th c. BC, National Archaeological Museum, Sibari.
Ivory fibula (brooch) of the ‘spectacle’ type, height // cm, found on Timpone della Motta, 7th c. BC, National Archaeological Museum, Sibari.

I. B. 1. Ivory or bone fibula (brooch) of the ‘spectacle’ type

Because of its shape, this type of object is known as a spectacle fibula. The metal pin originally attached to the back is missing. Such brooches were worn on the shoulder and/or elsewhere on the body, to fasten garments.

The holes in the centres of the circles and those on each side of the central ornament were originally filled in with small amber beads.

Three almost complete specimens and fragments of several more have been found on the Acropolis of the Timpone, along with other types of fibulae. These luxury brooches were almost certainly personal gifts to the goddess, and very likely they were still attached to costly garments when they were dedicated.

Dedication of garments is mentioned in Greek inscriptions, and the large number of fibulae found near a temple wall near Temesa show that the custom was also known in South Italy.

The object comes from Temple V. d on the Acropolis on the Timpone della Motta, Scavi Kleibrink 1991-2004, no. AC17. //, National Archaeological Museum, Sibari.

 

Fig. A. Drawing of the fibula.